Phthatale family or di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) and di(2-ehtylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP)
- Can result in: endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCS) and carcinogen linked to birth defects; premature breast developments; lowered sperm counts; testicular injury; damage to reproductive organs; lung, liver and kidney cancer
- Why used: makes plastic soft and malleable.
- Found in: nail polish, hair-straighteners and sprays, body lotions, and deodorants.
- Banned in: Europe
- Can result in: suspected carcinogen linked kidney and liver damage; nervous system disruption; damage to eyes leading to cataracts; eczema and dermatitis, known to inflame skin layers.
- Why used: foaming agent and emulsifier.
- Found in: toothpaste, shampoo, bath salts, body and shower gels.
- Banned in: Europe and Central America
- Can result in: hormone disrupter, estrogenic (mimics natural estrogens that leads to cancer); linked to breast cancer; skin rashes.
- Why used: germicide and preservative.
- Found in: conditioners, hair styling gels, nail creams, foundations, concealers, mascara, facial masks, skin creams, and deodorants, sunscreen, hair-coloring.
- Banned in: Japan and Sweden. Under review in the UK
- Can result in: carcinogen, causes allergic reactions and contact dermatitis; headaches; irritates mucous membranes; damaging to eyes; linked to joint and chest pain; depression; headaches; fatigue; dizziness and immune dysfunction.
- Why used: disinfectant, germicide, fungicide, defoamer and preservative, cheap and mixes easily with water.
- Found in: shampoo, conditioner, shower gel, liquid antiseptic hand wash, skin lotions, bubble bath, hair care products, antiperspirants, nail polishes, talcs; mascara, mouthwash, make-up remover.
- Banned in: Europe
- Can result in: hormone disrupter; carcinogen linked to liver and kidney cancer; irritant to hair and skin; corrosive to eyes; causes contact dermatitis; react with other chemicals to form carcinogenic nitrosamines.
- Why used: emulsifier, pH adjuster, and preservative, foaming agent added to coconut oils.
- Found in: shampoos, soaps, hairsprays, sunscreens, foundations, concealers, eyeliner, talc, face powders, shaving creams, hair colouring products (women and men), hair sprays.
- Banned in: Currently under review in the USA, UK and Europe
- Side Effect: linked to possible brain, liver, and kidney abnormalities respiratory and throat irritation, central nervous system depression, pulmonary oedema, brain damage, hypoglycaemia, skin rashes and dermatitis, neuro-toxin that weakens protein and cellular structure.
- Why: cheap substitute for glycerine, Humectant (retains moisture).
- Found in: deodorants, body lotions, body washes, hair conditioner, hair gel, creams, hand-wipes, lipsticks.
- Banned in: Europe(1)
DIY Homemade FoundationIngredients:
Base: Arrowroot powder
Color: Cocoa powder, cinnamon, nutmeg
1. Start with a base of arrowroot powder (1 tsp. for dark skin – 1 Tbs. for light skin)
2. Slowly add in one or combination of the cocoa powder, cinnamon, or nutmeg until you reach your desired tone. Not a lot of precise measuring just play around until it fits your skin tone.
3. Use a brush to apply foundation. Make sure to tap off excess before swiping face.
Want to turn it into a cream foundation? It’s super easy.
Homemade Foundation CreamUse powder from recipe above, add a few drops of one of the following liquids (start with one or two drops and add slowly after you mix):
- olive oil
- jojoba oil
- sweet almond oil